The $100 bill is a Federal Reserve Note valued at 10,000 cents (equivalent to 2,000 nickels, 1,000 dimes, 400 quarters, 100 $1 bills, 20 $5 bills, ten $10 bills, five $20 bills, or two $50 bills). It has always been a Federal Reserve Note since 1935 (due to the passing of Executive Order 6102 that made it illegal to possess gold), with the exception of a brief run of United States Notes in 1968 and 1971.

All $100 bills have always been printed with COPE serial numbers since the spring of 1976, but the pre-1976 conventional notes remained in circulation through at least the early 1980s.

On the front is Benjamin Franklin, and on the back is the United States Independence Hall.

Pre-Series 1977

Series year First delivery date Last delivery date
1928 August 30, 1929 N/A
1928 (Gold Certificate) October 1, 1929 October 24, 1931
1928A N/A (probably 1930) December 6, 1934
1934 March 9, 1935 N/A
1934A N/A (probably 1938) N/A
1934B July 17, 1946 N/A
1934C December 31, 1946 N/A
1934D July 24, 1950 January 17, 1951
1950 May 9, 1951 September 9, 1953
1950A December 8, 1954 August 20, 1957
1950B September 4, 1957 December 9, 1960
1950C September 12, 1961 December 14, 1962
1950D July 23, 1963 August 30, 1965
1950E September 3, 1965 July 27, 1966
1963A September 27, 1966 July 1, 1969
1966 (United States Note) October 14, 1968 November 5, 1968
1969 July 9, 1969 November 9, 1971
1966A (United States Note) January 26, 1971 January 26, 1971
1969A August 9, 1971 December 4, 1973
1969C October 3, 1972 October 31, 1974
1974 October 15, 1974 July 18, 1978

$100 bills are usually delivered to Federal Reserve Banks about 1-6 months after being printed at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.


All Series 1974 notes were still commonly circulated until at least 1985.

Series 1977

$100-A (1981).jpg $100-H (1981).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston December 1978 – November 1981
New York July 1978 – March 1982
Philadelphia July 1978 – April 1981
Cleveland September 1978 – February 1982
Richmond June 1978 – January 1982
Atlanta December 1978 – February 1981
Chicago August 1978 – May 1982
St. Louis October 1978 – October 1981
Minneapolis February 1979 – February 1981
Kansas City January 1979 – March 1982
Dallas November 1978 – January 1982
San Francisco October 1978 – July 1982
Trivia
  • Signatures: Azie Taylor Morton and W. Michael Blumenthal (Series 1977)
  • Production span: June 1978 – July 1982 (Series 1977)
  • Up to the Series 1988 notes, approximately 450,000 new $100 bills were released to circulation per day.
  • The very first $100 bills with serial numbers that come after "B 01280000 B" were printed in February 1981.
  • All Series 1977 $100 bills were very common until 1987.

Series 1981

$100-B (1982).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston May 1983 – October 1984
New York March 1982 – May 1984
Philadelphia April 1982 – February 1984
Cleveland May 1983 – January 1984
Richmond January 1983 – October 1984
Atlanta March 1984
Chicago May 1982 – May 1984
St. Louis March 1983 – March 1984
Minneapolis October 1983
Kansas City March 1983 – October 1984
Dallas September 1982 – April 1984
San Francisco July 1982 – March 1984
Trivia
  • Signatures: Angela M. Buchanan and Donald T. Regan
  • Series 1981 bills were the first to have the standard print run of 100,000 sheets since October 1983, when most districts got $100 bills with serial numbers ending with "B" for the first time.
  • All Series 1981 $100 bills remained very common until after 1989.

Series 1981A

$100-A (1985).png $100-I (1985).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston February 1985 – October 1985
New York November 1984 – April 1985
Philadelphia January 1985
Cleveland October 1984 – January 1985
Richmond February 1985 – October 1985
Atlanta October 1984 – October 1985
Chicago January 1985 – September 1985
St. Louis November 1984 – October 1985
Minneapolis February 1985
Kansas City N/A
Dallas February 1985
San Francisco November 1984 – September 1985
Trivia

Signatures:  Katherine Davalos Ortega and Donald T. Regan
Any $100 bills from Kansas City were Series 1981 at the latest until late 1985/early 1986.

Series 1985

$100-D (1988).png $100-G (1986).png $100-I (1988).jpg $100-K (1989).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston October 1986 – May 1989
New York January 1986 – May 1989
Philadelphia February 1986 – March 1988
Cleveland November 1985 – June 1989
Richmond September 1986 – April 1989
Atlanta February 1986 – April 1989
Chicago January 1986 – March 1988
St. Louis June 1987 – February 1988
Minneapolis January 1986 – April 1989
Kansas City November 1985 – February 1988
Dallas March 1986 – April 1989
San Francisco November 1985 – January 1988
Trivia
  • Signatures:  Katherine Davalos Ortega and James A. Baker III
  • Production span: November 1985 – June 1989
  • During production of the Series 1985 notes, the lifespan of a typical $100 bill was 8½ years according to sources.
  • The very first $100 bills with serial numbers ending with "C" were printed in February 1988.

Series 1988

$100-B (1990).png $100-D (1990).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston April 1990
New York July 1989 – January 1991
Philadelphia August 1989 – June 1990
Cleveland June 1989 – July 1990
Richmond August 1990
Atlanta N/A
Chicago August 1989 – September 1990
St. Louis September 1989 – August 1990
Minneapolis N/A
Kansas City June 1989 – August 1990
Dallas N/A
San Francisco June 1989 – August 1990
Trivia

Signatures:  Katherine Davalos Ortega and Nicholas F. Brady
Any $100 bills from Atlanta, Minneapolis or Dallas were Series 1985 (all printed April 1989) at the latest until late 1991.
The very first $100 bills with serial numbers ending with "D" or "E" were printed from October 1990 to January 1991.
This marks the last time the $100 bill remained completely unchanged.
On average, about 35,200,000 new $100 bills were released to circulation per month from 1990 to 1991.

Series 1990

$100-G (1991).jpg $100-L (1993).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston July 1991 – June 1994
New York May 1991 – September 1994
Philadelphia July 1991 – June 1994
Cleveland August 1991 – July 1994
Richmond August 1991 – November 1993
Atlanta September 1991 – February 1994
Chicago August 1991 – March 1994
St. Louis December 1991 – July 1994
Minneapolis October 1991 – November 1992
Kansas City November 1991 – June 1994
Dallas October 1991 – July 1994
San Francisco June 1991 – October 1994
Trivia
  • Signatures:  Catalina Vasquez Villalpando and Nicholas F. Brady
  • For Series 1990, microscopic printing was added around Franklin's portrait on all $100 bills. Circulation of these bills began in late 1991. Up to the Series 1993 notes, approximately 1.5 million new $100 bills were released to circulation per day.
  • Any $100 bills printed in late 1991 were all released to circulation in 1992 and 1993.
  • The very first $100 bills with serial numbers ending with "F" were printed in 1994.
  • On average, about 41,600,000 new $100 bills were released to circluation per month from 1991 to 1992, 28,800,000 per month from 1992 to 1993, and about 48,000,000 per month from late 1993 to early 1996.

Series 1993

$100-B (1995).jpg $100-F (1995).jpg $100-I (1995).png 100dollar back.jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston February 1995 – September 1995
New York November 1994 – February 1995
Philadelphia March 1995 – September 1995
Cleveland March 1995
Richmond October 1994 – September 1995
Atlanta October 1994 – September 1995
Chicago March 1995 – May 1995
St. Louis June 1995
Minneapolis October 1994 – May 1995
Kansas City April 1995
Dallas April 1995 – September 1995
San Francisco October 1994
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Lloyd Bentsen
These bills were the last ones to be in this design.

Series 1996

$100-F (1997).png $100-K (1997).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston October 1995 – October 1998
New York October 1995 – July 1999
Philadelphia January 1996 – October 1998
Cleveland November 1995 – October 1998
Richmond November 1995 – November 1998
Atlanta February 1996 – December 1998
Chicago December 1995 – January 1999
St. Louis May 1996 – December 1998
Minneapolis February 1996 – December 1998
Kansas City March 1996 – January 1999
Dallas April 1996 – January 1999
San Francisco November 1995 – January 1999
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Robert E. Rubin
Release date: March 25, 1996
This design was unveiled on September 27, 1995.
From Series 1996 to Series 2006, approximately 2,450,000 new $100 bills were released to circulation per day.
These bills marked the first time ever in history where two letters began the serial number, and were also the first ones with serial numbers ending with letters that come after "F".
On average, about 64,000,000 new $100 bills were released to circulation per month through late 2001.

Series 1999

$100-F (2001).jpg $100-J (2001).jpg $100-K (2002).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston October 2000 – November 2000
New York October 2000 – March 2002
Philadelphia January 2002
Cleveland November 2000 – January 2002
Richmond November 2000 – January 2002
Atlanta December 2000 – January 2002
Chicago December 2000 – January 2002
St. Louis January 2001 – January 2002
Minneapolis October 2001
Kansas City January 2001 – January 2002
Dallas January 2001 – January 2002
San Francisco N/A
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Lawrence H. Summers
The Series 1999 notes, much rarer than their Series 1996 counterparts, were released to circulation in early 2001.
Any $100 bills from San Francisco were Series 1996 at the latest until 2002.
On average, about 54,400,000 new $100 bills were released to circulation per month from late 2001 to early 2004.

Series 2001

$100-B (2002).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston April 2002 – January 2003
New York April 2002 – February 2003
Philadelphia December 2002 – January 2003
Cleveland January 2003
Richmond February 2003 – March 2003
Atlanta November 2002 – December 2002
Chicago March 2003
St. Louis March 2003
Minneapolis March 2003
Kansas City April 2003
Dallas February 2003 – February 2004
San Francisco April 2002 – March 2003
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosario Marin and Paul O'Neill
The very last Series 2001 bills were released on April 6, 2004 from the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.

Series 2003

$100-B (2004).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston July 2004 – January 2005
New York July 2004 – January 2005
Philadelphia July 2004 – January 2005
Cleveland June 2004 – February 2005
Richmond June 2004 – February 2005
Atlanta April 2004 – April 2005
Chicago April 2004 – April 2005
St. Louis June 2004 – May 2005
Minneapolis June 2004 – May 2005
Kansas City April 2004 – May 2005
Dallas March 2004 – June 2005
San Francisco February 2004 – October 2005
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosario Marin and John W. Snow
Release dates: April 6, 2004 – November 3, 2005

Series 2003A

$100-F (2006).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston April 2006
New York February 2006 – April 2007
Philadelphia February 2006 – June 2006
Cleveland January 2006 – February 2007
Richmond January 2006 – June 2006
Atlanta December 2005 – January 2007
Chicago December 2005 – December 2006
St. Louis November 2005 – November 2006
Minneapolis November 2005 – November 2006
Kansas City November 2005 – November 2006
Dallas June 2005 – November 2006
San Francisco July 2005 – October 2006
Trivia

Signatures:  Anna Escobedo Cabral and John W. Snow
Release dates: July 27, 2005 – May 8, 2007

Series 2006

$100-A (2010).png $100-D (2008).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston September 2007 – April 2012
New York April 2007 – January 2010
Philadelphia March 2007 – January 2010
Cleveland March 2007 – November 2009
Richmond January 2007 – April 2010
Atlanta December 2007 – November 2009
Chicago October 2007 – December 2009
St. Louis October 2007 – December 2009
Minneapolis October 2007 – January 2010
Kansas City October 2007 – January 2010
Dallas January 2008 – May 2010
San Francisco February 2007 – July 2011
Trivia

Signatures:  Anna Escobedo Cabral and Henry M. Paulson Jr.
Release dates: April 4, 2007 – June 17, 2010
Although these were the first $100 bills printed at the Western Currency Facility, any Series 2006 notes they printed were never released to circulation as they were produced as "contingency supply", which was officially confirmed in 2016 by the BEP.

Series 2009

$100 (Series 2009).jpg $100-I (2010).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston March 2010 – May 2010
New York February 2010 – July 2011
Philadelphia August 2010 – September 2010
Cleveland July 2010
Richmond May 2010 – May 2011
Atlanta February 2010 – September 2011
Chicago May 2010 – July 2010
St. Louis June 2010 – September 2010
Minneapolis May 2010 – September 2010
Kansas City June 2010 – September 2010
Dallas June 2010 – September 2010
San Francisco July 2010 – February 2011
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosa Gumataotao Rios and Timothy F. Geithner
Release date: April 9, 2016
The current design of the $100 bill was unveiled on April 21, 2010. Its proposed release date to circulation was February 10, 2011, but on October 1, 2010, the new design was announced to be delayed to a later date because the BEP identified a problem with sporadic creasing of the paper during printing of the Series 2009 notes, resulting in the Federal Reserve not having sufficient inventories to begin distributing the new $100 notes as planned.  Eight of the 12 Federal Reserve Banks in the United States of America have stopped producing these bills altogether before the delay was announced. At that time, exactly 1.2 billion of them have already been printed.

Series 2006A

$100-B (2012).jpg $100 (1996 Reverse).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston January 2011 – April 2012
New York February 2011 – April 2013
Philadelphia March 2011 – March 2012
Cleveland April 2011 – February 2012
Richmond June 2011 – March 2012
Atlanta August 2011 – May 2013 (printed at DC)
Chicago April 2011 – April 2012 (printed at DC)
St. Louis May 2011 – May 2012 (printed at DC)
Minneapolis September 2011 – March 2012
Kansas City September 2011 – April 2012
Dallas September 2011 – February 2013
San Francisco June 2011 – April 2013
Trivia

Signatures:  Anna Escobedo Cabral and Henry M. Paulson Jr.
Release dates: February 17, 2011 – July 30, 2013
After the start of a two-year delay on the redesigned $100 bill, the old 1996 design continued as Series 2006A, in which the first bills were released one week after the Series 2009 bills' proposed release date, on February 17, 2011. Production began after most of the Series 2009 bills were finished. Approximately 3.7 million new $100 bills were released to circulation per day.
Only the late printings from November 2012 to April 2013 for Dallas and San Francisco were printed at the Western Currency Facility; however, the letters "FW" can be seen nowhere on the front side of the bills.

Series 2009A

$100-F (2015).jpg $100-G (2013).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston September 2012 – October 2016
New York September 2012 – October 2016
Philadelphia August 2012 – January 2017
Cleveland August 2012 – December 2016
Richmond July 2012 – October 2016
Atlanta February 2012 – September 2016
Chicago October 2011 – January 2017
St. Louis January 2012 – February 2017
Minneapolis July 2012 – November 2016
Kansas City July 2012 – November 2016
Dallas June 2012 – March 2017
San Francisco April 2012 – April 2017
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosa Gumataotao Rios and Timothy F. Geithner
Release dates: October 8, 2013 – May 10, 2017
As of October 2013 (the month when this bill was released to circulation), all further $100 bills are now being printed exclusively at the Western Currency Facility. Approximately 5.5 million new $100 bills are released to circulation per day.
Any $100 bills printed after September 2013 were not released to circulation until 2014.
There was a short run of Series 2013 bills for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York from November 2014 to March 2015, before reverting back to Series 2009A.

Series 2013

$100-B (2017).jpg $100 (2013 Reverse).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span (as of July 1, 2019)
Boston December 2017
New York October 2014 – March 2015
February 2017 – January 2019
Philadelphia May 2018
Cleveland December 2017 – January 2018
Richmond January 2018 – February 2018
Atlanta April 2017 – April 2018
Chicago June 2018 – July 2018
St. Louis September 2017 – January 2019
Minneapolis August 2018
Kansas City July 2018 – January 2019
Dallas April 2018 – January 2019
San Francisco May 2017 – November 2018
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosa Gumataotao Rios and Jack Lew
Release dates: September 2017 – present
The first BEP report regarding these bills was actually published on January 9, 2015.
The last Series 2013 notes were printed in July 2019, before the $100 bill transitioned to Series 2017A.

Total in circulation by month

Note: Usually, it's about two months after the days when they were printed.

1990-1999

Month Series 1981A Series 1985 Series 1988 Series 1990 Series 1993 Series 1996
January 1990
February 1990
March 1990
April 1990
May 1990
June 1990
July 1990
August 1990
September 1990
October 1990
November 1990
December 1990
January 1991
February 1991
March 1991
April 1991
May 1991
June 1991
July 1991
August 1991
September 1991
October 1991
November 1991
December 1991
January 1992
February 1992
June 1992
December 1992
June 1993
December 1993
March 1994
June 1994
July 1994
August 1994
September 1994
October 1994
November 1994
December 1994
January 1995
February 1995
March 1995
April 1995
May 1995
June 1995
July 1995
August 1995
September 1995
October 1995
November 1995
December 1995
January 1996
February 1996
March 1996
April 1996
May 1996
June 1996
July 1996
August 1996
September 1996
October 1996
November 1996
December 1996
January 1997
December 1997
April 1998
August 1998
December 1998
March 1999
June 1999
September 1999
December 1999

2000-2009

Month Series 1996 Series 1999 Series 2001 Series 2003 Series 2003A Series 2006
January 2000
February 2000
March 2000
April 2000
May 2000
June 2000
July 2000
August 2000
September 2000
October 2000
November 2000
December 2000
January 2001
February 2001
March 2001
April 2001
May 2001
June 2001
July 2001
August 2001
September 2001
October 2001
November 2001
December 2001
January 2002
February 2002
June 2002
December 2002
June 2003
December 2003
March 2004
June 2004
July 2004
August 2004
September 2004
October 2004
November 2004
December 2004
January 2005
February 2005
March 2005
April 2005
May 2005
June 2005
July 2005
August 2005
September 2005
October 2005
November 2005
December 2005
January 2006
February 2006
March 2006
April 2006
May 2006
June 2006
July 2006
August 2006
September 2006
October 2006
November 2006
December 2006
January 2007
December 2007
April 2008
August 2008
December 2008
March 2009
June 2009
September 2009
December 2009

2010-2019

Month Series 2003 Series 2003A Series 2006 Series 2006A Series 2009/2009A Series 2013
January 2010
February 2010
March 2010
April 2010
May 2010
June 2010
July 2010
August 2010
September 2010
October 2010
November 2010
December 2010
January 2011
February 2011
March 2011
April 2011
May 2011
June 2011
July 2011
August 2011
September 2011
October 2011
November 2011
December 2011
January 2012
February 2012
June 2012
December 2012
June 2013
December 2013
March 2014
June 2014
July 2014
August 2014
September 2014
October 2014
November 2014
December 2014
January 2015
February 2015
March 2015
April 2015
May 2015
June 2015
July 2015
August 2015
September 2015
October 2015
November 2015
December 2015
January 2016
February 2016
March 2016
April 2016
May 2016
June 2016
July 2016
August 2016
September 2016
October 2016
November 2016
December 2016
January 2017
December 2017
April 2018
August 2018
December 2018
March 2019
June 2019
September 2019
December 2019

Japanese counterpart

1984 10000 Yen Note.jpg 1984 10000 Yen Note Back.jpg

Like America's $100 bill, the largest denomination of Japanese currency today is the 10,000 yen note. First issued on December 1, 1958, the 10,000 yen note was redesigned in November 1984, now containing Fukuzawa Yukichi on the front and a pair of pheasant birds on the back. Later notes from 2007 onwards had a phoenix from the Byōdō-in Temple replacing the pheasants.

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