The $20 bill is a Federal Reserve Note valued at 2,000 cents (equivalent to 400 nickels, 200 dimes, 80 quarters, 20 $1 bills, four $5 bills, or two $10 bills). It has always been a Federal Reserve Note since 1933, when the Executive Order 6102 became law that made it illegal to possess gold.

After August 1976, all $20 bills' serial numbers were printed using COPE ever since, and by late 1978, virtually all $20 bills in circulation now had COPE serials.

On the front is a portrait of Andrew Jackson and on the back is the White House.

Pre-Series 1977

Series year First delivery date Last delivery date
1928 April 30, 1928 N/A
1928 (Gold Certificate) May 29, 1929 April 28, 1933
1928A–1928B January 18, 1929 N/A
1928C February 13, 1932 December 13, 1935
1934 February 2, 1935 N/A
1934A N/A (probably 1938) N/A
1934B November 29, 1945 N/A
1934C (old reverse design) January 7, 1947 N/A
1934C (new reverse design) July 27, 1948 N/A
1934D January 13, 1950 January 29, 1951
1950 November 7, 1950 August 31, 1953
1950A August 19, 1953 August 30, 1957
1950B September 25, 1957 June 16, 1961
1950C February 28, 1961 March 21, 1963
1950D February 12, 1963 November 30, 1965
1963 October 7, 1964 July 2, 1965
1963A June 8, 1965 August 29, 1969
1950E September 1, 1965 July 15, 1966
1969 July 30, 1969 September 15, 1971
1969A June 15, 1971 March 21, 1973
1969B June 6, 1972 April 25, 1973
1969C September 27, 1972 November 14, 1974
1974 September 11, 1974 July 19, 1978

$20 bills are usually delivered to Federal Reserve Banks about 1-2 months after being printed at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Series 1977

$20-F (1981).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston April 1978 – September 1981
New York May 1978 – September 1981
Philadelphia June 1978 – September 1981
Cleveland April 1978 – September 1981
Richmond May 1978 – September 1981
Atlanta November 1978 – August 1981
Chicago April 1978 – September 1981
St. Louis June 1978 – May 1981
Minneapolis May 1978 – February 1981
Kansas City May 1978 – October 1981
Dallas June 1978 – July 1981
San Francisco April 1978 – September 1981
Trivia
  • Signatures: Azie Taylor Morton and W. Michael Blumenthal
  • Up to the Series 1995 notes, approximately 3.9 million new $20 bills were released to circulation per day.
  • By 1980, the Series 1977 notes were the most commonly circulated $20 bills, when it still had its original lifespan of two years.

Series 1981

$20-F (1982).png $20-L (1984).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston November 1981 – April 1984
New York December 1981 – May 1984
Philadelphia February 1982 – February 1984
Cleveland November 1981 – April 1984
Richmond September 1981 – May 1984
Atlanta March 1982 – May 1984
Chicago November 1981 – May 1984
St. Louis October 1981 – March 1984
Minneapolis October 1982 – October 1983
Kansas City October 1981 – February 1984
Dallas April 1982 – April 1984
San Francisco October 1981 – March 1984
Trivia

Signatures: Angela M. Buchanan and Donald T. Regan
Series 1981 bills were the first to have the standard print run of 100,000 sheets since October 1983.

Series 1981A

$20-D (1984).jpg $20-E (1985).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston June 1984 – October 1985
New York July 1984 – October 1985
Philadelphia June 1984 – September 1985
Cleveland June 1984 – September 1985
Richmond July 1984 – October 1985
Atlanta July 1984 – October 1985
Chicago June 1984 – September 1985
St. Louis July 1984 – October 1985
Minneapolis August 1984 – February 1985
Kansas City May 1984 – July 1985
Dallas July 1984 – July 1985
San Francisco May 1984 – October 1985
Trivia

Signatures:  Katherine Davalos Ortega and Donald T. Regan

Series 1985

$20-B (1986).png $20-B (1987).png $20-D (1989).png $20-E (1987).png $20-G (1989).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston January 1986 – March 1990
New York October 1985 – May 1990
Philadelphia February 1986 – March 1990
Cleveland November 1985 – April 1990
Richmond December 1985 – February 1990
Atlanta December 1985 – May 1990
Chicago November 1985 – June 1990
St. Louis February 1986 – October 1989
Minneapolis January 1986 – December 1989
Kansas City November 1985 – October 1988
Dallas December 1985 – November 1989
San Francisco November 1985 – February 1990
Trivia

Signatures:  Katherine Davalos Ortega and James A. Baker III
The very first $20 bills with serial numbers ending with letters that come after "G" (starting with H) began printing in October 1987.
Like the $10 bill, the $20 bill continued as a Series 1985 in late 1988. In addition, these bills were the first to have the standard print run of 200,000 sheets since October 1989.

Series 1988A

$20-B (1992).jpg $20-G (1990).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston March 1990 – July 1991
New York May 1990 – March 1992
Philadelphia August 1991 – January 1992
Cleveland August 1991 – February 1992
Richmond December 1990 – May 1991
Atlanta May 1990 – February 1992
Chicago June 1990 – February 1992
St. Louis September 1990 – June 1991
Minneapolis September 1991
Kansas City July 1990 – December 1991
Dallas September 1991 – March 1992
San Francisco January 1991 – February 1992
Trivia

Signatures:  Catalina Vasquez Villalpando and Nicholas F. Brady
This marks the last time the $20 bill remained completely unchanged.

Series 1990

$20-C (1993).png $20-I (1993).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston August 1992 – April 1994
New York April 1992 – February 1994
Philadelphia June 1993 – January 1994
Cleveland October 1992 – May 1994
Richmond July 1992 – June 1994
Atlanta June 1992 – July 1994
Chicago October 1992 – March 1995
St. Louis June 1992 – September 1993
Minneapolis July 1992 – June 1994
Kansas City May 1993
Dallas May 1992 – January 1993
San Francisco May 1992 – July 1994
Trivia

Signatures:  Catalina Vasquez Villalpando and Nicholas F. Brady
For Series 1990, microscopic printing was added around Jackson's portrait on all $20 bills.
The Western Currency Facility began printing $20 bills in early 1994.

Series 1993

$20-B (1996).png $20-D (1995).JPG $20-K (1994).png $20-L (1995).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston June 1995 – November 1996
New York October 1994 – November 1996
Philadelphia October 1994 – September 1995
Cleveland March 1995 – July 1996
Richmond July 1994 – April 1996
Atlanta July 1994 – May 1997
Chicago November 1994 – May 1995
St. Louis August 1994 – November 1994
Minneapolis N/A
Kansas City August 1994 – July 1995
Dallas August 1994 – September 1995
San Francisco August 1994 – October 1995
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Lloyd Bentsen
Until late 1997, any $20 bills from Minneapolis were Series 1990 at the latest.

Series 1995

$20-B (1997).png $20-E (1997).jpg $20-G (1996).png $20-J (1997).png 20dollar back.jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston N/A
New York December 1996 – May 1997
Philadelphia February 1997 – March 1997
Cleveland May 1997 – July 1997
Richmond October 1997 – December 1997
Atlanta May 1996 – June 1997
Chicago February 1996 – April 1997
St. Louis March 1996 – September 1997
Minneapolis September 1997
Kansas City August 1996 – September 1997
Dallas January 1996 – September 1997
San Francisco September 1995 – September 1997
Trivia

Signatures: Mary Ellen Withrow and Robert E. Rubin
Any $20 bills from Boston were Series 1993 at the latest (printed October and November 1996) until the new design shown below was released in 1998.
The Series 1995 $20 bills were the last ones to be in this design.
No new $20 bills were printed until June 1998.

Series 1996

$20-B (1998).png $20-D (2000).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston July 1998 – November 1999
New York June 1998 – December 1999
Philadelphia September 1998 – June 1999
Cleveland July 1998 – June 1999
Richmond June 1998 – August 1999
Atlanta August 1998 – March 2000
Chicago July 1998 – September 2001
St. Louis July 1998 – January 1999
Minneapolis July 1998 – December 1998
Kansas City August 1998 – December 1998
Dallas June 1998 – April 1999
San Francisco June 1998 – February 2000
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Robert E. Rubin
Release date: September 24, 1998
This design was unveiled on May 20, 1998.
These bills were the only Series 1996 notes printed at the Western Currency Facility.
From Series 1996 to Series 2001, approximately 6.8 million new $20 bills were released to circulation per day.
The Series 1996 $20 bills were printed simultaneously with the $50 bills starting in January 1999.
On average, about 236,800,000 new $20 bills were released to circulation every month through late 2001.

Series 1999

$20-B (2002).jpg $20-F (2001).jpg $20-I (2001).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston November 2001
New York March 2000 – August 2002
Philadelphia January 2000 – March 2001
Cleveland January 2000 – August 2002
Richmond June 2000 – September 2000
Atlanta March 2000 – January 2001
Chicago July 2000 – October 2001
St. Louis January 2001 – October 2001
Minneapolis October 2001
Kansas City September 2000 – October 2001
Dallas N/A
San Francisco October 2001 – November 2002
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Lawrence H. Summers
Any $20 bills from Dallas were Series 1996 at the latest until late 2002.

Series 2001

$20-E (2003).jpg $20-K (2002).jpg $20 (1998 Reverse).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston N/A
New York February 2002 – October 2002
Philadelphia N/A
Cleveland March 2002 – September 2002
Richmond February 2002 – April 2003
Atlanta February 2003 – June 2003
Chicago February 2003 – June 2003
St. Louis January 2003 – February 2003
Minneapolis January 2003
Kansas City November 2002 – December 2002
Dallas October 2002 – November 2002
San Francisco October 2002 – February 2003
Trivia
  • Signatures:  Rosario Marin and Paul O'Neill
  • Any $20 bills from Boston or Philadelphia were Series 1999 at the latest (printed March and November 2001, respectively) until the current design was released in October 2003.
  • These were the last $20 bills in the 1998 design.
  • The very last Series 2001 bills were released on August 6, 2003.

Series 2004

$20-L (2003).jpg $20-L (2005).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston August 2003 – October 2005
New York June 2003 – May 2005
Philadelphia June 2003 – April 2005
Cleveland July 2003 – June 2005
Richmond April 2003 – September 2004
Atlanta April 2004 – August 2005
Chicago June 2003 – February 2005
St. Louis March 2004 – May 2005
Minneapolis February 2004 – March 2004
Kansas City January 2004 – February 2004
Dallas October 2003 – June 2007
San Francisco October 2003 – May 2005
Trivia
  • Signatures:  Rosario Marin and John W. Snow
  • Release dates: October 9, 2003 – July 27, 2005
  • The current design was unveiled on May 13, 2003.
  • After circulation began on October 9, 2003, approximately 4.5 million new $20 bills were released to circulation per day.

Series 2004A

$20-A (2006).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston November 2005 – October 2006
New York December 2005 – April 2007
Philadelphia January 2006 – February 2006
Cleveland July 2005 – April 2006
Richmond June 2005 – September 2005
Atlanta August 2005 – August 2006
Chicago September 2006
St. Louis June 2005
Minneapolis July 2005 – September 2006
Kansas City June 2005 – September 2006
Dallas May 2005 – December 2005
San Francisco October 2005 – November 2005
Trivia
  • Signatures:  Anna Escobedo Cabral and John W. Snow
  • Release dates: June 10, 2005 – November 16, 2006

Series 2006

$20-D (2008).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston November 2006 – November 2009
New York November 2006 – September 2009
Philadelphia February 2007 – April 2009
Cleveland May 2007 – March 2010
Richmond April 2007 – July 2010
Atlanta June 2007 – February 2010
Chicago August 2007 – March 2010
St. Louis September 2007 – April 2009
Minneapolis August 2007 – February 2010
Kansas City July 2007 – June 2009
Dallas May 2007 – May 2010
San Francisco April 2007 – October 2010
Trivia
  • Signatures:  Anna Escobedo Cabral and Henry M. Paulson Jr.
  • Release dates: December 13, 2006 – August 8, 2010
  • The lifespan of a typical $20 bill increased to 4 years.

Series 2009

$20-H (2012).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston September 2010 – October 2012
New York December 2009 – November 2012
Philadelphia January 2010 – November 2012
Cleveland May 2010 – December 2012
Richmond May 2010 – December 2012
Atlanta December 2010 – February 2013
Chicago March 2010 – February 2013
St. Louis June 2010 – January 2013
Minneapolis August 2011 – May 2013
Kansas City March 2010 – January 2013
Dallas June 2011 – April 2013
San Francisco August 2010 – October 2013
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosa Gumataotao Rios and Timothy F. Geithner
Release dates: January 21, 2010 – November 6, 2013

Series 2013

$20-L (2016).png

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston October 2013 – November 2017
New York October 2013 – December 2017
Philadelphia November 2013 – January 2018
Cleveland November 2013 – August 2017
Richmond March 2014 – January 2018
Atlanta March 2014 – February 2018
Chicago February 2014 – September 2017
St. Louis January 2014 – October 2017
Minneapolis February 2014 – September 2017
Kansas City February 2014 – July 2017
Dallas June 2014 – October 2017
San Francisco April 2014 – March 2017
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosa Gumataotao Rios and Jack Lew
Release dates: January 8, 2014 – March 16, 2018

Series 2017

$20-B (2018).png $20-F (2018).png $20 (2006 Reverse).jpg

Federal Reserve Bank Production span (as of July 1, 2019)
Boston January 2019
New York December 2017 – January 2019
Philadelphia February 2018
Cleveland May 2018 – January 2019
Richmond February 2018 – January 2019
Atlanta January 2018 – May 2018
Chicago June 2018 – August 2018
St. Louis June 2018
Minneapolis May 2018 – June 2018
Kansas City May 2018
Dallas May 2018 – September 2018
San Francisco January 2018 – January 2019
Trivia
  • Signatures:  Jovita Carranza and Steven T. Mnuchin
  • Release dates: March 16, 2018 – present
  • The last Series 2017 notes were printed in April 2019, with the exception of Star Notes from Atlanta that continued until July.

Total in circulation by month

Note: Usually, it's about two months after the days when they were printed.

1990-1999

Month Series 1985 Series 1988A Series 1990 Series 1993 Series 1995 Series 1996
January 1990
February 1990
March 1990
April 1990
May 1990
June 1990
July 1990
August 1990
September 1990
October 1990
November 1990
December 1990
January 1991
February 1991
March 1991
April 1991
May 1991
June 1991
July 1991
August 1991
September 1991
October 1991
November 1991
December 1991
January 1992
February 1992
June 1992
December 1992
June 1993
December 1993
March 1994
June 1994
July 1994
August 1994
September 1994
October 1994
November 1994
December 1994
January 1995
February 1995
March 1995
April 1995
May 1995
June 1995
July 1995
August 1995
September 1995
October 1995
November 1995
December 1995
January 1996
February 1996
March 1996
April 1996
May 1996
June 1996
July 1996
August 1996
September 1996
October 1996
November 1996
December 1996
January 1997
December 1997
April 1998
August 1998
December 1998
March 1999
June 1999
September 1999
December 1999

2000-2009

Month Series 1996 Series 1999 Series 2001 Series 2004 Series 2004A Series 2006
January 2000
February 2000
March 2000
April 2000
May 2000
June 2000
July 2000
August 2000
September 2000
October 2000
November 2000
December 2000
January 2001
February 2001
March 2001
April 2001
May 2001
June 2001
July 2001
August 2001
September 2001
October 2001
November 2001
December 2001
January 2002
February 2002
June 2002
December 2002
June 2003
December 2003
March 2004
June 2004
July 2004
August 2004
September 2004
October 2004
November 2004
December 2004
January 2005
February 2005
March 2005
April 2005
May 2005
June 2005
July 2005
August 2005
September 2005
October 2005
November 2005
December 2005
January 2006
February 2006
March 2006
April 2006
May 2006
June 2006
July 2006
August 2006
September 2006
October 2006
November 2006
December 2006
January 2007
December 2007
April 2008
August 2008
December 2008
March 2009
June 2009
September 2009
December 2009

2010-2019

Month Series 2004A Series 2006 Series 2009 Series 2013 Series 2017
January 2010
February 2010
March 2010
April 2010
May 2010
June 2010
July 2010
August 2010
September 2010
October 2010
November 2010
December 2010
January 2011
February 2011
March 2011
April 2011
May 2011
June 2011
July 2011
August 2011
September 2011
October 2011
November 2011
December 2011
January 2012
February 2012
June 2012
December 2012
June 2013
December 2013
March 2014
June 2014
July 2014
August 2014
September 2014
October 2014
November 2014
December 2014
January 2015
February 2015
March 2015
April 2015
May 2015
June 2015
July 2015
August 2015
September 2015
October 2015
November 2015
December 2015
January 2016
February 2016
March 2016
April 2016
May 2016
June 2016
July 2016
August 2016
September 2016
October 2016
November 2016
December 2016
January 2017
December 2017
April 2018
August 2018
December 2018
March 2019
June 2019
September 2019
December 2019

Japanese counterpart

2000 Yen Note.jpg 2000 Yen Note (Back).jpg

2,000 yen notes were first issued on July 19, 2000. The purpose of this note was to commemorate the 26th G8 summit in Okinawa. Unlike the 1,000, 5,000 and 10,000 yen notes, these are much rarer to find in circulation.

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